Welcome to the History of World War II. We will be watching the documentary The World at War. The World at War(1973–74) is a 26-episode British television documentary series chronicling the events of the Second World War. This series utilizes interviews and film footage from the time period to emphasize the experiences of those who lived through this time in history. There will be no homework in this class but I expect everyone to participate when we talk about what we've seen in the episodes.
1 "A New Germany (1933–1939)" The rebirth of Germany and growth in power of the Nazi Party leading up to the outbreak of war. Interviewees include Ewald-Heinrich von Kleist-Schmenzin, Werner Pusch and Christabel Bielenberg.
2 "Distant War (September 1939 – May 1940)" The invasions of Poland, the Winter War, the sinking of the Graf Spee, the "phony war" and failure in Norway and the elevation of Winston Churchill to Prime Minister. Interviewees include Lord Boothby, Lord Butler, Admiral Charles Woodhouse, Sir Martin Lindsay and Sir John "Jock" Colville.
3 "France Falls (May – June 1940)" French politics, the Maginot Line, the Saar Offensive, Blitzkrieg warfare and the Nazi invasion of France and the Low Countries. Interviewees include General Hasso von Manteuffel, General André Beaufre, General Siegfried Westphal, General Walter Warlimont, and Major General Edward Spears.
4 "Alone (May 1940 – May 1941)" The Battle of Britain, retreats in Greece, Crete and Tobruk, and life in Britain between the evacuation at Dunkirk and Operation Barbarossa. Interviewees include Anthony Eden, J. B. Priestley, Sir Max Aitken, Lieutenant General Adolf Galland and Sir John "Jock" Colville.
5 "Barbarossa (June – December 1941)" After dominating southeastern Europe through force or intrigue, Germany begins Operation Barbarossa, the massive invasion of Soviet Union. Despite several quick victories, the invasion ultimately stalls after a failed assault on Moscow during Russia's harsh winter. Interviewees include General Walter Warlimont, Albert Speer, Paul Schmidt (interpreter), Grigori Tokaty, W. Averell Harriman and Sir John Russell.
6 "Banzai!: Japan (1931–1942)" The rise of the Japanese Empire, the Sino-Japanese War, the Soviet-Japanese border conflicts, Pearl Harbor and the early Japanese successes in the fall of Malaya and Singapore. Interviewees include Kōichi Kido, Minoru Genda, and J. G. Smyth.
7 "On Our Way: U.S.A. (1939–1942)" The opposition by various factions to the United States of America entry into the war, Lend Lease, U-boat attacks on Atlantic convoys and America's graduated responses, the mobilization of America after Pearl Harbor, the loss of the Philippines, the Doolittle Raid, Midway and Guadalcanal. Interviewees include J. K. Galbraith, John J. McCloy, Paul Samuelson, Isamu Noguchi, Jimmy Doolittle, Richard Tregaskis and Vannevar Bush.
8 "The Desert: North Africa (1940–1943)" The desert war, starting with Italy's unsuccessful invasion of Egypt and the successive attacks and counter-attacks between Germany and Commonwealth forces, and the Afrika Korps's eventual defeat at El Alamein. Interviewees include General Richard O'Connor, Major General Francis de Guingand and Lawrence Durrell.
9 "Stalingrad (June 1942 – February 1943)" The mid-war German situation in Southern Russia resulting in the Battle of Stalingrad, and its ultimate German catastrophe.
10 "Wolf Pack: U-Boats in the Atlantic (1939–1944)" The submarine war emphasizing mainly the North Atlantic. Tracks the development of both the convoy system and German submarine strategy. Interviewees include Grand Admiral Karl Dönitz and Otto Kretschmer.
11 "Red Star: The Soviet Union (1941–1943)" The rise of the Red Army, mobilisation of Soviet production, the Siege of Leningrad, the Soviet partisans and the Battle of Kursk. Interviewees include General Ivan Lyudnikov.
12 "Whirlwind: Bombing Germany (September 1939 – April 1944)" The development of British and American strategic bombing in both success and setback. Interviewees include Marshal of the Royal Air Force Sir Arthur Harris, Albert Speer, Brigadier-General James Stewart, Hamish Mahaddie, William Reid, General Leon W. Johnson, General Curtis LeMay, Wilhelm Herget, Werner Schröer, Lieutenant General Adolf Galland and General Ira C. Eaker.
13 "Tough Old Gut: Italy (November 1942 – June 1944)" Emphasizes the difficult Italian Campaign beginning with Operation Torch in North Africa, the invasion of Sicily; Salerno, Anzio, Cassino; and the capture of Rome. Interviewees include General Mark Clark, Field Marshal Lord Harding, Bill Mauldin and Wynford Vaughan-Thomas.
14 "It's a Lovely Day Tomorrow: Burma (1942–1944)" The jungle war in Burma and India—what it "lacked in scale was made up in savagery". Interviewees include Mike Calvert, Sir John Smyth and Vera Lynn (the episode title is the name of one of her songs), and Lord Mountbatten of Burma.
15 "Home Fires: Britain (1940–1944)" Life and politics in Britain from post-Battle of Britain to the first V-1 attacks. Interviewees include Lord Butler, Lord Shinwell, Lord Chandos, Tom Driberg, Michael Foot, Cecil Harmsworth King and J. B. Priestley.
16 "Inside the Reich: Germany (1940–1944)" German society and how it changes as its fortunes of war are reversed. Censorship and popular entertainment, the transformation of German industry, the recruitment of female and foreign labour, allied bombing, German dissent—including the 20 July plot, and the mobilisation of the Volkssturm towards the war's end. Interviewees include Albert Speer, Otto John, Traudl Junge, Richard Schulze-Kossens, Christabel Bielenberg and Otto Ernst Remer.
17 "Morning (June – August 1944)" The development and execution of Operation Overlord starting with the failed Dieppe Raid, followed by the allied breakout and battles in the Bocage and at Falaise. Interviewees include Lord Mountbatten of Burma, Kay Summersby, James Martin Stagg and Major General J. Lawton Collins.
18 "Occupation: Holland (1940–1944)" Emphasizes life in the Netherlands under German occupation, when citizens chose to resist, collaborate or remain passive. Interviewees include Louis de Jong (who also served as adviser for this episode) and Prince Bernhard of the Netherlands.
19 "Pincers (August 1944 – March 1945)" Operation Dragoon, the liberation of Paris, the Allied breakout in France and the failure of Operation Market Garden, the Warsaw Uprising, the Battle of the Bulge and the crossing of the Rhine. In the East, the Romanian coup and the Soviet advance through Ukraine to East Prussia. Interviewees include Lieutenant General Brian Horrocks, Wynford Vaughan Thomas, General Hasso von Manteuffel, Major General Francis de Guingand, W. Averell Harriman and Major General J. Lawton Collins.
20 "Genocide (1941–1945)" Begins with the founding of the S.S. and follows the development of Nazi racial theory. It ends with the implementation of the Final Solution. Interviewees include Karl Wolff, Wilhelm Höttl, Rudolf Vrba, Primo Levi, Richard Böck, and Anthony Eden.
21 "Nemesis: Germany (February – May 1945)" The final invasion of Germany by both the Western and Eastern allies, the bombing of Dresden, and the events in the Führerbunker during the fall of Berlin. Interviewees include Albert Speer, Traudl Junge, Elena Rzhevskaya, and Heinz Linge.
22 "Japan (1941–1945)" Japan's society and culture during wartime, and how life is transformed as the country gradually becomes aware of increasingly catastrophic setbacks including the Doolittle raid, defeat at Midway, the death of Isoroku Yamamoto, the Battle of Saipan, Okinawa and the relentless bombing of Japanese cities. Interviewees include Toshikazu Kase and Naoki Hoshino.
23 "Pacific (February 1942 – July 1945)" The successive and increasingly bloody land battles on tiny islands in the expansive Pacific, aimed towards the Japanese heartland. Following the bombing of Darwin, the over-extended Japanese are progressively turned back at Kokoda, Tarawa, Peleliu, the Philippines, Iwo Jima and finally Okinawa.
24 "The Bomb (February – September 1945)" The development of the atomic bomb, the ascendency of President Harry Truman, emerging splits in the Allies with Joseph Stalin, the atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki and the Soviet invasion of Manchuria, ultimately leading to the surrender of Japan. Interviewees include Toshikazu Kase, Yoshio Kodama, Marquis Koichi Kido, Major General Charles Sweeney, Brigadier General Paul Tibbets, Alger Hiss, W. Averell Harriman, Lord Avon, McGeorge Bundy, John J. McCloy, General Curtis LeMay, Hisatsune Sakomizu and Kiyoshi Tanimoto.
25 "Reckoning (April 1945) The situation in post-war Europe including the allied occupation of Germany, demobilisation, the Nuremberg Trials and the genesis of the Cold War. The episode concludes with summations about the ultimate costs and consequences of the war. Interviewees include Charles Bohlen, Stephen Ambrose, Lord Avon, Lord Mountbatten of Burma, Hartley Shawcross, Noble Frankland and Alger Hiss.
26 "Remember" How the war – both good and bad experiences – was experienced and remembered by its witnesses. Your grade in this class will be Pass/Fail and will be based on participation and being prepared for class.The code for joining Google Classroom is jhi6ch5
1/28 - Introduction to the documentary 1/30 - What was the world like before WWII What caused the war? - Ep 1 2/4 - Waiting for the fighting to begin - Ep 1 and 2 2/6 - Germany Triumphant - Ep 3 and 4 2/11 - Germany Triumphant - Ep 3 and 4 2/13 - Germany and Japan make mistakes - Ep 5 and 6 2/18 - Germany and Japan make mistakes - Ep 5 and 6 2/20 - Barbarossa (Episode 5) 2/25 - Barbarossa and Pearl Harbor (Banzai) (Episode 6) 2/27 - Pearl Harbor (Episode 6) 3/3 - Pearl Harbor (Episode 6) 3/5 - USA enters the War (Episode 7) 3/10 - USA enters the War (Episode 7) North Africa campaigns (Episode 8) 3/12 - North Africa campaigns - The end of the beginning... 3/17 - No School - PIR Day 3/19 - North Africa campaigns (Episode 8) 3/24 - North Africa campaigns Hitler tries again in Russia (Episode 9) 3/26 - Was Stalingrad the grave of the German Army? 3/31 - Stalingrad (Episode 9) 4/2 - What did the war cost Russia? (Episode 10)